Paleo Type Diet Beneficial for Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Diabetics
Here’s a study comparing the effects of a Paleolithic (‘Old Stone Age’) diet and a diabetes diet as generally recommended on risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes not treated with insulin.
In this study, 13 patients with type 2 diabetes, 3 women and 10 men, were instructed to eat a Paleolithic diet based on lean meat, fish, fruits, vegetables, root vegetables, eggs and nuts; and a Diabetes diet designed in accordance with dietary guidelines during two consecutive 3-month periods.
The participants had on average a diabetes duration of 9 years and were usually treated with medication. Compared to the diabetes diet, the Paleolithic diet resulted in lower values of HbA1c, triglycerides, diastolic blood pressure, weight, BMI and waist circumference, and higher HDL cholesterol .
The Paleolithic diet was mainly lower in cereals and dairy products, and higher in fruits, vegetables, meat and eggs, as compared with the Diabetes diet. Further, the Paleolithic diet was lower in total energy, energy density, carbohydrate, dietary glycemic load, saturated fatty acids and calcium, and higher in unsaturated fatty acids, dietary cholesterol and several vitamins.
Over a 3-month study period, a Paleolithic diet improved glycemic control and several cardiovascular risk factors compared to a Diabetes diet in patients with type 2 diabetes.